The Common System on the Value Added Tax of the European Union Applied to the Intra-Community of Purchases of Motor Vehicles
Keywords:tax harmonization, value added tax, taxation basis, motor vehicle, intra community purchase
AbstractThe common system of value added tax (VAT) of the European Union (EU) is implemented through Directive 2006/112/EC amending the text of Directive 6, namely of Council Directive 77/388/EC of May 17th 1977 to clarify the existing EU VAT legislation. This tax applies to all transactions made in the EU by a natural person or a legal entity called a taxable person, who provides goods and services in the course of their business. Moreover, imports of goods and services by any taxable person are also subject to VAT. The intra-community purchase of means of transport represents the entry into Romania of motor vehicles coming from member states of the European Union, goods that are transported from another member state to Romania. The fiscal treatment is very different depending on the specifics of each particular circumstance at the intra-community purchase and it is regulated by Title VI of the Tax Code which transposes the provisions of Directive 2006/112/EC. We aim at analyzing and capturing the accounting and fiscal diversity generated by these particular circumstances in the intra-community purchase of motor vehicles.
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